Islamic knowledge

 
 

About The Holy Prophet Muhammad Sallallahu ‘Alaihi Wa Sallam


¬What is the name of our Holy Prophet?

Muhammad Sallallahu ‘Alaihi Wa Sallam


¬What is the name the first Prophet?
Sayyidina Nabi Adam
Alayhissalam


¬What is the name of last Prophet?
Sayyidina Nabi Muhammad
Sallallahu ‘Alaihi Wa Sallam


¬Is there any Prophet after our Holy Prophet Sallallahu ‘Alaihi Wa Sallam?

No


¬How many months are in Islamic Calendar?

12


¬What is the third month of the Islamic Calendar?

Rabi' ul Awwal


¬What is the date of birth of our Holy Prophet Sallallahu ‘Alaihi Wa Sallam?
12 Rabi' ul Awwal


¬In Arabic History, what is the name of Year when our Beloved Prophet Sallallahu ‘Alaihi Wa Sallam was born?

The Year of the Elephant (Âm al-Fîl) is the name in Islamic history


¬In which city our Holy Prophet Sallallahu ‘Alaihi Wa Sallam was born?
Makkah al-Mukarramah


¬What is the name of Holy Prophet’s father?

His father’s name is Hadhrat Abdullah


¬When the father of our Holy Prophet Sallallahu ‘Alaihi Wa Sallam passed away?

His father passed away several weeks before his birth

 

¬ What is the family background of Hadhrat Abdullah?

Hadhrat Abdullah was a direct descendant of the Nabi Ibrahim Alayhissalam


¬What is the name of tribe of our Holy Prophet Sallallahu ‘Alaihi Wa Sallam?

Qura’ish

 

¬ What is the name of our Holy Prophet’s mother?

His mother’s name is Sayyidah Amina


¬What is the name of our Holy Prophet’s nurse?
Sayyidah Halima Saadia


¬What is the name of grand father of our our Holy Prophet Sallallahu ‘Alaihi Wa Sallam?

Hadhrat Abdul Muttalib


¬Who took care of our Holy Prophet Sallallahu ‘Alaihi Wa Sallam, when he lost his mother at the age of 6 years?
His grandfather Hadhrat Abdul Mut’talib


¬Who took care of our Holy Prophet after his grandfather passed away?
Hadhrat Abu Talib -His Uncle


¬In which city our Holy Prophet Sallallahu ‘Alaihi Wa Sallam passed away?

Madinah-tul-Munawarah


¬Should we visit the tomb of our Beloved Prophet Sallallahu ‘Alaihi Wa Sallam?

Yes, we should visit his tomb preferably after the performance of Hajj


¬Should you love your Beloved Prophet Sallallahu ‘Alaihi Wa Sallam?

Yes, I should love my Prophet and pay greater respect to him than to any other human being including my parents


¬What is the old name of Madinah-tul-Munawarah?

        Yasrab


¬How many sons of our Holy Prophet Sallallahu ‘Alaihi Wa Sallam?

Three but they passed away in their childhood


¬How many daughters of our Holy Prophet Sallallahu ‘Alaihi Wa Sallam?

Four


¬What is the name of the youngest daughter of our Holy Prophet Sallallahu ‘Alaihi Wa Sallam?

Sayyidatina Fatima Rady Allahu Ta’ala Anha


¬Which member of our Holy Prophet’s family passed away very soon after him?
His daughter Sayyidatina Fatima az-Zahra, Rady Allahu Anha



¬What is the name of first wife of our Holy Prophet Sallallahu ‘Alaihi Wa Sallam?

Sayyidatina Khadijah Rady Allahu Anha


¬What was the name of the youngest wife of our Holy Prophet Sallallahu ‘Alaihi Wa Sallam?

Sayyidatina  Aisha, Rady Allahu Anha


¬What is the name of our holy Prophets’ wife who was never married before?

Sayyidatina Aisha Rady Allahu Anha


¬What were the ages of Sayyidina Muhammad Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sal’lam and Sayyidatina Khadijah Rady Allahu Anha when they got married?
Sayyidina Muhammad Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam:     25 years
Sayyidatina Khadijah
Rady Allahu 'Anha:                     40 years


¬What are the names of sons of our Holy Prophet Sallallahu ‘Alaihi Wa Sallam?
Sayyidina Qasim,  Sayyidina Abdullah and Sayyidina Ibrahim, Rady Allahu Anhuma


¬What are the names of four daughters of our Holy Prophet Sallallahu ‘Alaihi Wa Sallam?
Sayyidatina Zainab Rady Allahu Anha
Sayyidatina Ruqayya
Rady Allahu Anha
Sayyidatina Umm Kulthum
Rady Allahu Anha
Sayyidatina Fatima
Rady Allahu Anha


¬What is the name of uncle of our Holy Prophet Sallallahu ‘Alaihi Wa Sallam who was martyred in the Battle of Uhud?
Hadrat Hamza
Rady Allahu 'Anhu

¬Whom our Holy Prophet Sallallahu ‘Alaihi Wa Sallam told first his experience of revelation (WAHI)?
Sayyidatina Khadijah Rady Allahu Anha


¬Give the names of his two blessed grandsons of our Holy Prophet Sallallahu ‘Alaihi Wa Sallam?

Sayyidina Imam Hasan and Sayyidina Imam Husain, Rady Allahu 'Anhuma


¬ What was the age of our Holy Prophet Sallallahu ‘Alaihi Wa Sallam when he received first revelation (Wahi) from Allah Ta'ala?
40 Years


¬How old our Holy Prophet Sallallahu ‘Alaihi Wa Sallam was, when he migrated from City of Makkah to City of Medina?

Fifty Three Years Old


¬After migration from City of Makkah to City of Madinah, how many years our Holy Prophet Sallallahu ‘Alaihi Wa Sallam lived in the City of Madinah?

Ten Years


¬What were the two main tribes living in Madinah when our Beloved Prophet mirgrated from Makkah to Madinah?

1.O’os

2.Khaz’raj


¬ What is the name of first Battle of Islam?

Battle of Badr


¬What is the name of second Battle of Islam?

Battle of Uhad


About The Companions of

Holy Prophet Muhammad Sallallahu Alayhi wa’Sallam


¬Who is the first martyr (Shaheed) in Islam?

The first martyr in Islam is Hadhrat Sumayyah Rady Allahu Anha


¬ Who is the first man aaccepted Islam?

Hadhrat Syadna Abu Bakar Siddique Rady Allahu Anhu


¬Who is the first child aaccepted Islam?

Hadhrat Syadna Ali Rady Allahu Anhu


¬Who is the first woman aaccepted Islam?

Umm-ul-Moomineen Sayyidatina Khadijah Rady Allahu Anha


¬ Who is the first slave aaccepted Islam?

Hadhrat Syadna Zaid Rady Allahu Anhu


¬What are the names of the Khulafa-e-Rashideen Rady Allahu Anhum?

Sayyidina Abu-Bakr: As-Siddiq (the truthful)
Sayyidina Umar: al-Faruq (the one who distinguishes truth from falsehood)
Sayyidina Usman: Dhun-Nurain (possessor of the two lights)
Sayyidina Ali: Baabu ul 'Ilm (the gate of knowledge)


¬ What are the names of the two Khulafa-e-Rashideen Rady Allahu Anhuma whose daughters married to the Prophet Sallallahu 'alaihi wa Sal’lam?

Sayyidina Abu-Bakr As-Siddiq and Sayyidina Umar al-Farooq Rady Allahu 'Anhuma


¬Who was Abu Lahab?  Can you name the Surah of the Qur'an in which he is mentioned?

Abu Lahab was Prophet Muhammad's uncle. He didn’t accept Islam.  His name is mention in Surah Al-Lahab.


¬Where did the first group of Muslims migrate before the Prophet's Sallallahu 'alaihi wa Sallam Hijrah to Madinah?

Habshah, Abyssinia, now called Ethiopia


¬Who was the king in Habshah (Ethopia) when Muslims migrated there?

The king there was called Negus (Naj’jashi)


¬ What is name of companion (sahabi) who represented the Muslims before him?

Hadrat Ja'far ibn Abi Talib Rady Allahu Anhu


About The Mi’raj


¬Our beloved Prophet Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sal’lam went on a miraculous night journey to Masjid al-Aqsa and to the Heavens.    What is this journey called?

Mi'raj


¬ What is the name of the horse-like animal which he rode on this blessed journey?

Buraq


¬When he reached Masjid-al-Aqsa who did he lead in prayers there?

All the Prophets, peace be upon them


¬What gift did he bring back from Allah from the miraculous night journey to the heavens?

Five times daily salah


About The Books of Allah


¬Do you know how many Books of Allah?

Four


¬Do you know the names of the Books of Allah?

1.Taurat  (Old Testament)

2.Zaboor

3.Injeel  (New Testament)

4.The Holy Qur’an


¬What is the name of Prophet to whom Taurat was revealed?

Prophet Mausa (Moses) Alaihis-Salam


¬What is the name of Prophet to whom Zaboor was revealed?

Prophet Dawood (David) Alaihis-Salam


¬What is the name of Prophet to whom Injeel was revealed?

Prophet ‘Isa (Jesus) Alaihis-Salam


¬What is the name of Prophet to whom The Holy Qur’an was revealed?

Prophet Muhammad Sallallahu ‘Alaihi Wa Sallam


¬In which language Qur’an was revealed?

Arabic Language


¬Is there any other language Qur’an available in this world?

No but its translations are available in various languages of the world


¬What is the name of Holy Book of Muslims?

Holy Qur’an


¬What is the First revelation of Holy Qur’an – Just tell the first word?

IQRA


¬How many Chapters (Surahs) in Holy Qur’an?

114


¬What is the name of cave where revelation of Holy Qur’an started?

Cave of Hira


¬ How many verses are there in the Qur'an?

6236 verses


¬ Which surah is called the heart of the Qur'an?

Surah Yasin


¬Name the surah which if recited three times merits the same reward as reciting the whole Qur'an.?

Surah Ikhlas


¬What is the name of the first Surah (Chapter) of the Holy Qur’an?
Surah Al-Fatiha


¬What is the meaning of Al-Fatiha?
It means “The Opening”


¬What is another name for this Surah?
Another name for Surah Al-Fatiha is Surah al-Hamd


¬How many verses in Surah Al-Fatiha?
7 verses


¬What is the name of Longest Surah of the Holy Qur’an?

Surah Baqra


¬What is the name of Shortest Surah of the Holy Qur’an?

Surah Kausar


¬What is the greatest verse of the Holy Qur’an?

Aaya’t-al-Kursi


¬What is the name of Angel who was bringing Wahi on our Prophet?

Angel Jibril


¬How many times did Angel Gabriel (Jibril), recite the Qur'an to Holy Prophet every year?
Once in a year but he recited it twice with him in the last year of his life


About The Islamic Beliefs and Practices


¬How many are the fundamental principles of Islam?

The faith of Islam is based on five fundamental priciples


¬ What is the first fundamental principle of Islam?

First is the belief that there is no God but Allah and Muhammd Sallallahu ‘Alaihi Wa Sallam is the Messanger of Allah


¬What is the second fundamental principle of Islam?

          To establish the obligatory prayers (Salat)


¬What is the third fundamental principle of Islam?

To pay the Zakat (Poor-due)


¬What is the fourth fundamental principle of Islam?

To observe the fast during the Holy month of Ramadan


¬What is the fifth fundamental principle of Islam?

To perform Hajj that is Pilgrimage to the Holy Ka’aba in Makkah if one is financially capable of undertaking the journey to Makkah


¬What do you understand by prayer?

Prayer is the act of worshipping Allah acording to the teachings of the Holy Prophet Sallallahu ‘Alaihi Wa Sallam


¬How many times a day we need to perform obligatory prayers?

Five times


¬What is Adhan ?

Adhan (Athaan) (أَذَان) is the Islamic call to prayer


¬Can you tell the name of First Muezzin of Islam?

Hazrat Bilal Rady Allahu 'Anhuma


¬In which language Adhan is recited?

Arabic Langauge


¬ Can somebody recite Adhan in any other langugage?

No, its not permitted


¬What is WUDU (ablution)?

WUDU is the act of washing those parts of the body which are generally exposed


¬Do you require WUDU before offering your prayer?

Yes, the worshipper must perform WUDU


¬Do you need water for performing WUDU?

Yes, fresh, clean and non-stagnent water is required for WUDU


¬If the water is not available then how to cleanse the body to prepare for prayers?

Tayammum is the way when water is not available or somebody is sick then one can perform Tayammum


¬What should we recite when to start a good deed?

Bismillahi-r Rahmani-r Rahim   


¬What should we recite when to finish a good deed?

Alhamdulillah – Its means All praise belongs to Allah


¬ Can you tell any five names of Allah Subhanahu-Wa-Ta’ala with their meanings?


Allah  - The Greatest Name

Ar-Rahman   - The All-Compassionate

Ar-Rahim - The All-Merciful

Ar-Ra’uf -  The Clement

As-Salam  - The Source of Peace


¬Can you tell any five names of Sayyidina Nabi Muhammad Sallallahu ‘Alaihi Wa Sallam with their meanings?


Muhammad - The Praised One

Ahmed - The Most Commendable

Ameen - The Honest One

Sadiq   - The Truthful

Rauf - The Clement (Merciful)